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hard

音標[hɑ:d] 真人讀音

中文翻譯:


a. 堅硬的, 硬的, 難的, 艱苦的, 困難的, 堅固的, 猛烈的, 艱難的, 結實的, 確實的
ad. 堅硬地, 努力地, 辛苦地, 接近地, 猛烈地, 牢固地
【經】 穩定的, 苛刻的
相關詞組:
as hard as nails
as hard as the nether millstone
be hard hit by
be hard pressed
be hard put to it to do sth
be hard up for money
go hard with sb
hard and fast
hard at it
hard by
hard done by
hard upon
learn sth the hard way
run sb hard
take sth hard
take it hard
Hard facts prove that...
be in hard condition
be hard at work
hold on hard
look hard at sb
follow hard after sb
as hard as a brick

詞型變化:

形容詞比較級:harder 最高級:hardest 英漢詞典

詞意辨析:

difficult, hard
這兩個形容詞均有“困難”之意。
difficult: 比hard較為正式,側重需要特別的能力、智力、判斷力、技巧或勇氣才能克服障礙。也可指深奧或抽象的難題。
hard: 含義廣,通俗用詞,與easy相對,泛指任何難理解,不好處理或不易做的事。cidianwang.com

英語解釋:

形容詞 hard:

  1. not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure
    同義詞:difficult
  2. dispassionate;
  3. resisting weight or pressure
  4. very strong or vigorous
    同義詞:knockout, severe
  5. characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort
    同義詞:arduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome
  6. produced without vibration of the vocal cords
    同義詞:unvoiced, voiceless, surd
  7. (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
    同義詞:concentrated
  8. (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum
  9. given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors
    同義詞:intemperate, heavy
  10. being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content
    同義詞:strong
  11. unfortunate or hard to bear
    同義詞:tough
  12. dried out

副詞 hard:

  1. with effort or force or vigor
  2. with firmness
    同義詞:firmly
  3. earnestly or intently
  4. causing great damage or hardship
    同義詞:severely
  5. slowly and with difficulty
  6. indulging excessively
    同義詞:heavily, intemperately
  7. into a solid condition
  8. very near or close in space or time
  9. with pain or distress or bitterness
  10. to the full extent possible; all the way
cidianwang.com

例句:

  1. The ground is as hard as stone after the drought.
    長期乾旱之後土地硬得就像石頭一樣。
  2. Don't be too hard on her she's very young.
    別對她太嚴了--她還小呢。
  3. They work very hard.
    他們工作非常努力。
  4. That was a hard time.
    那是一段艱難的日子。
  5. It's hard to know what he's really thinking.
    很難知道他真正在想什么。

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